The Southern Transitional Council (STC) said late yesterday that it had launched a military operation in Abyan “to cleanse it of terrorist organisations”, in a move that would strengthen the UAE-backed faction’s control in the south, Reuters reports.
The seven-year war pitting a fractious coalition led by Saudi Arabia against the Iran-aligned Houthi group has split Yemen, with the Houthis largely holding the north and the internationally recognised government based in the south.
Rivalries among Yemeni factions in the coalition resurfaced recently as southern forces backed by the United Arab Emirates expand their reach, imperiling a new presidential council and further complicating international efforts to end the conflict.
The Southern Transitional Council (STC) deployment in Abyan province, expanding its presence there, follows gains in neighbouring Shabwa by the UAE-backed Giants Brigade against rival factions including the Islah Party.
The STC, which has vied with the Saudi-backed government for control of the south, said its campaign would combat terrorist groups in Abyan and secure roads in the south.
Abyan this year saw several attacks against soldiers that authorities suspect were carried out by Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, which had used the war between the Houthis and the coalition to enhance its influence.
The Saudi-led coalition intervened in Yemen in March 2015 after the Houthis ousted the government from the capital, Sanaa, in late 2014. The conflict has killed tens of thousands of people and pushed millions into hunger.
In April, the Political Leadership Council formed under Saudi auspices assumed the powers of the president-in-exile as Saudi Arabia sought to strengthen the anti-Houthi alliance amid intense international pressure to end the war.
Council head Rashad Al-Alimi on Monday issued a notice, seen by Reuters, to STC leader and council member Aidarous al-Zubaidi saying all military operations should be halted until the implementation of a troop redeployment in the south stipulated under a power-sharing pact brokered by Riyadh in 2019.
Instability in the south complicates United Nations efforts for a permanent ceasefire to pave the way for political negotiations to end the war. A UN-brokered truce between the coalition and the Houthis has largely held since April.